Erdogan links Sweden’s NATO membership to Turkey’s EU accession


By Huseyin Hayatsever and Ece Toksabay

ISTANBUL (Reuters) – Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan, in an unexpected move, said on Monday the European Union should open the way for Ankara’s accession to the bloc before Turkey’s parliament approves Sweden’s bid to join the NATO military alliance.

Turkey’s bid to join the EU has been frozen for years after membership talks were launched in 2005 under Erdogan’s first term as prime minister.

The ties between Ankara and members of the bloc soured several years ago, especially after a 2016 failed coup attempt in Turkey, but have since improved. The bloc depends on the help of NATO ally Ankara, particularly on migration.

In a surprise change of tack, Erdogan on Monday linked Ankara’s approval of Sweden’s NATO bid to Turkey finally joining the EU.

“I am calling from here on these countries that are making Turkey wait at the door of the European Union for more than 50 years,” Erdogan said, speaking ahead of his departure for the NATO summit in Vilnius.

“First, come and open the way for Turkey at the European Union and then we will open the way for Sweden, just as we did for Finland,” he said, adding that he would repeat his call during the summit.

A European Commission spokesperson said NATO and EU enlargement were “separate processes.”

“The accession process for each candidate country is based on the merits of each country,” the spokesperson said, adding that the two processes cannot be linked.

Asked about Erdogan’s comments, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said while he backs Ankara’s membership of the EU, as far as he was concerned Sweden had already met the conditions required to join NATO.

“It is still possible to have a positive decision on Sweden in Vilnius,” Stoltenberg told a news conference.


Sweden and Finland applied for NATO membership last year, abandoning policies of military non-alignment that had lasted through the decades of the Cold War in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

While Finland’s NATO membership was green-lighted in April, Turkey and Hungary have yet to clear Sweden’s bid. Stockholm has been working to join the bloc at the summit in Vilnius.

Erdogan said Sweden’s accession hinged on the implementation of a deal reached last summer during the alliance’s summit in Madrid, adding that no one should expect compromises from Ankara.

Ankara says Sweden has not done enough against people Turkey sees as terrorists, mainly members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) that is considered a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the EU and the United States.

Sinan Ulgen, former diplomat and director of the Istanbul-based Centre for Economic and Foreign Policy Studies, said Erdogan’s move would not strengthen Turkey’s hand at the Vilnius summit.

“The positive side of this surprise move is that it showed Turkey still has an EU membership perspective. But it is hard to say it would help any progress on Turkey’s EU membership bid,” he said.

Erdogan also said that an end to the war between Ukraine and Russia would ease Kyiv’s NATO membership process.

(Reporting by Ece Toksabay and Huseyin Hayatsever; Additional reporting by Philip Blenkinspop in Brussels, Writing by Ali Kucukgocmen; Editing by Toby Chopra, Alex Richardson, Peter Graff)

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